The Constitutional Court and Consolidation of Democracy in Indonesia
Keywords:Amendment of 1945, Consolidation of Democracy, Indonesian Constitutional Court
The amendment of 1945 Constitution was stipulated and conducted gradually and became one of the agendas of the Meetings of the People’s Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) from 1999 until 2002. It happened after the resignation of President Soeharto on May 21, 1998, that already in power for almost 32 years. In the reform era, Indonesia has taken comprehensive reform measures by bringing the sovereignty back to the hand of the people. To safeguard the supremacy of the 1945 Constitution, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia is formed as one of the judiciary authority organizing court proceedings to enforce the law and justice. This article analyzes the consolidation of democracy in Indonesia, the role of Constitutional Court of Indonesia based on its authority and describe how its decision has significant support for consolidation of democracy in Indonesia. The result of the research then shows that the Constitutional Court has made a positive influence in Indonesian consolidation of democracy. The Constitutional Court is also handy for upholding the constitutional norm, especially about state institutions and human rights. The Constitutional Court has taken an essential role in the consolidation of democracy in Indonesia through its decisions in judicial review of acts and resolving election disputes.
Jimly Asshiddiqie, 2008. Menuju Negara Hukum yang Demokratis, Jakarta: Setjen dan Kepaniteraan MKRI, Luthfi Widagdo Eddyono, 2013. Penyelesaian Sengketa Kewenangan Lembaga Negara oleh Mahkamah Konstitusi. Yogyakarta: Insignia Strat.
Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia. 2015., Refleksi Kinerja Mahkamah Konstitusi 2015 dan Proyeksi 2016, Dinamika Penegakan Keadilan Sosial dan Demokrasi Lokal, Jakarta: Setjen & Kepaniteraan MK RI.
Petra Stockman, 2008. The New Indonesian Constitutional Court, A Study Into Its Beginnings and First Years of Work. Jakarta: Hans Seidel Foundation.
Kepaniteraan & Setjen MK R I. 2013. Jejak Langkah Satu Dasawarsa Mengawal Konstitusi 2003-2013. Jakarta: Kepaniteraan & Setjen MK RI.
Setjen & Kepaniteraan MKRI. 2009. Enam Tahun Mahkamah Konstitusi, Mengawal Konstitusi dan Demokrasi. Jakarta: Setjen & Kepaniteraan MK RI.
Jimly Asshiddiqie, 2009, “Creating a Constitutional Court In a New Democracy,” Paper presented in Australia, (March).
Ikrar Nusa Bhakti, “The Transition To Democracy In Indonesia: Some Outstanding Problems,” [http://apcss.org/Publications/Edited%20Volumes/RegionalFinal%20chapters/Chapter12Bhakti.pdf], accessed 19/02/2018.
Michael Hollaender, “Consolidating Indonesia’s Democracy by Educating Civilsociety Leaders in Democratic Politics,” [http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_8899-544-2-30.pdf?060801125002], accessed 19/02/2018.
Iwan Satriawan et al., “The Role of the Constitutional Court in Consolidating Democracy in Indonesia: An Evaluation after Ten Years,” [https://www.academia.edu/16159460/The_Role_of_the_Constitutional_Court_in_Consolidating_Democracy_in_Indonesia_An_Evaluation_after_Ten_Years], accessed 25/10/2017.
Luthfi Widagdo Eddyono, 2015, “The First Ten Years Of The Constitutional Court Of Indonesia: The Establishment Of The Principle Of Equality And The Prohibition Of Discrimination,” Constitutional Review, Vol 1, No 2.
Tim Lindsay, and Susi Dwi Harijanti, 2006, “Indonesia: General Elections Test the Amended Constitution and The New Constitutional Court,” International Journal of Constitutional Law, (January).
Moh. Mahfud MD., 2009, “The Role of the Constitutional Court in the Development of Democracy in Indonesia,” paper in the World Conference on Constitutional Justice, Cape Town, South Africa, 23-24 January.
-------------------------, “Constitutional Review: Doctrine and Practise Under Indonesia’s Constitutional System”, Paper presented at the International Conference “Constitutional Review: Doctrine and Practice” held on the commemoration of the 20th Anniversary of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, on October 28-30, 2011 at Palace’s of Congresses, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Raja M. Ali Saleem, “A Comparison of Democratic Consolidation in Indonesia and Turkey”, [http://rumiforum.org/a-comparison-of-democratic-consolidationin-indonesia-and-turkey-2/], accesed 15/10/2017.
Maruarar Siahaan, 2006, “Recent Developments and Important Decisions In Constitutional Matters In Indonesia,” Paper presented at the Fourth Conference of Constitutional Judges in Manila, 29 November.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Copyright of the published articles will be transferred to the journal as the publisher of the manuscripts. Therefore, the author confirms that the copyright has been managed by the publisher.
- The publisher of Jurnal Konstitusi is The Registrar and Secretariat General of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia.
- The copyright follows Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License: This license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format for noncommercial purposes only, and only so long as attribution is given to the creator. If you remix, adapt, or build upon the material, you must license the modified material under identical terms.