Komparasi Mekanisme Penyelesaian Sengketa Pemilu di Beberapa Negara Penganut Paham Demokrasi Konstitusional

Bisariyadi Bisariyadi, Anna Triningsih, Meyrinda Rahmawaty H, Alia Harumdani W

Abstract


Every country in the world, moreover in every country which has implemented the way of life of democcratic and nation, presume that election is one of the important element as a marker of democracy of the country and also has a practical function of government political as a succession’s tool between the government parties and the oposition parties. In every democratic constitutional state, the election process has  a purpose to embody will of the people into pattern of power without violence.

The election process will not only be assessed by sticking to the existing legal framework but the laws, codes of conduct of the election and its implementation needs to be tested and adjusted if it is in accordance with its primary purpose  or not without ignoring  the  rights  of  individuals  or  people.  In  the  process  of  the general election, the election process does not always run smoothly. Various obstacles in the implementation of good elections that occurred both during and previous election, is a  problem  that  certainly  would  have  widely  spread  impact if not immediately resolved. The existence of problems in the election related to dissatisfaction of decision of the election or criminal violations and administrative which can influence the result of election is commonly known by electoral disputes. In order the election dispute does not disturb the constitutional system or system of government of a country or region, it requires an electoral dispute resolution mechanisms that effective and can give a fair decision to the parties.

The main problem is how the benchmark of an electoral dispute resolution mechanisms that are effective? Because, if traced further and reflect on democracies country in the world, not all democracies country, especially the democracies country which basing on the supremacy of the constitution, has the same electoral dispute resolution mechanisms between one country to another country. This is very important, because by knowing the measure or the benchmark of the effectiveness of an electoral dispute resolution mechanisms, we can consider to choose which electoral dispute resolution mechanisms that appropriate and give the fairness to the parties and society in general.


Keywords


Dispute Settlement Elections; State Constitutional Democracy

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References


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Sumber referensi (terjemahan) diakses pada tanggal 6 Juli 2011 melalui: http://www.eces.eu/index.php?option=commentent&view=article&id=326&Itemid=24. “Well-functioning and responsive Electoral Dispute Resolution (EDR) mechanisms are essential to ensure proper processing of potential complains and appeals that main arise not only in relation to the final results but also challenges to the organization of voter registration processes, registration of political parties and the campaigning phase etc. EDR mechanisms can be both formal and informal. In the electoral world, many grievances are solved through information negotiations and dialogue. Formal mechanisms, however, are essential to ensure that potential challenges can be channelled through established structures in case it is not solved at a lower level. EDR institutions include EMBs, ordinary administrative/judiciary institutions, electoral and/or constitutional courts and the Parliament. ECES Experts have hands-on experience justice and juridical reform and from handling electoral complaints both through informal and formal channels. We believe that the strengthening of EDR mechanisms, given the way in which such institutions can contribute to the mitigation of conflict by providing an opportunity for legal outlets and independent decision-making, is an integral part of a strategy towards may prevent the escalation of elections- related violence.” http://www.eces.eu/.

Sejak awal tahun 2011 dalam suasana pembahasan Rancangan Undang- Undang Mahkamah Konstitusi yang baru, bermunculan wacana untuk mengeluarkan kewenangan penyelesaian Pemilukada dari Mahkamah Konstitusi, lihat: Media Indonesia, “Kewenangan MK dalam Sengketa Pemilu Kada Dibatasi?”, diakses melalui laman (http://www.mediaindonesia.com/read/2011/03/17/211030/3/1/Kewenangan-MK-dalam-Sengketa-Pemilu-Kada-Dibatasi-) dan Media Indonesia, “MK Jadi Masalah dalam Pemilu Kada” diakses melalui laman (ttp://bataviase.co.id/node/569303)) pada tanggal 3 September 2011.

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MAKALAH

Topo santoso, makalah berjudul “Perselisihan Hasil Pemilukada” disampaikan pada acara Diskusi Terbatas di Mahkamah Konstitusi pada tanggal 24 Maret 2011 di Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk%25x

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