Konsep Negara Berbasis Hak sebagai Argumen Justifikasi Pengujian Konstitusionalitas Undang-undang
Keywords:Substantive Justification, Constitutionality of Laws
This article argues that the concept of right-based State and right-based constitution are substantively the basis or justification for constitutional review of legislation or laws. The constitutionality of laws is determined by the idea that human rights are supreme or superior over the legislature and its legal product. Therefore, the legislature should respect human rights in law-making. This article also rejects the view that hierarchy of laws is the only basis for constitutional review of legislation or laws because this view only explains it formally. This argument cannot be applied to Britain or Israel which does not have a formal constitution.
Azhary, Negara Hukum Indonesia: Analisis Yuridis Normatif tentang Unsur-unsurnya, Penerbit UI-Press, Jakarta, 1995.
Chemerinsky, Erwin, Constitutional Law: Principles and Policies, Aspen Publishers, New York, 2006.
Dworkin, Ronald, Taking Rights Seriously, Harvard University Press, Cambridge- Mass., 1978.
Foster, Steven, The Judiciary, Civil Liberties and Human Rights, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2006.
Ginsburg, Tom, Judicial Review in New Democracies: Constitutional Courts in Asian Cases, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003.
Hadjon, Philipus M., Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Rakyat di Indonesia, Penerbit Bina Ilmu, Surabaya, 1987
Hamilton, Alexander, James Madison & John Jay, The Federalist with Letters of Brutus (Terence Ball ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003.
Henkin, Louis, The Rights of Man Today, Center for the Study of Human Rights- Columbia University, New York, 1988.
Ingram, Attracta, A Political Theory of Rights, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994.
Kelsen, Hans, General Theory of Law and State, Russell & Russell, New York, 1960.
La Torre, Massimo, Constitutionalism and Legal Reasoning, Springer, Dordrecht, 2007.
Lord Lloyd of Hamstead & M.D.A. Freeman, Introduction to Jurisprudence, English Language Book Society-Stevens & Sons, London, 1985.
Marzuki, Peter Mahmud, Pengantar Ilmu Hukum, Kencana, Jakarta, 2008.
McIlwain, Charles Howard, Constitutionalism: Ancient and Modern, Cornell University Press, New York-Ithaca, 1947.
Peacock, Anthony A., ed., Freedom and the Rule of Law, Lexington Books, Lanham- Maryland, 2010.
Perry, Michael J., Toward a Theory of Human Rights: Religion, Law, Courts, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007.
Rawls, John, A Theory of Justice, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge-Massachusetts, 1999 (Revised Edition).
__________, Political Liberalism, Columbia University Press, New York, 1996.
Shapiro, Ian, Asas Moral dalam Politik, terjemahan dari The Moral Foundations of Politics, Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta, 2006.
Sieghart, Paul, The International Law of Human Rights, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1983.
Sunstein, Cass R., Designing Democracy: What Constitutions Do, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001.
Tamanaha, Brian Z., On the Rule of Law: History, Politics, Theory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004.
Vincent, R.J., Human Rights and International Relations, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.
bab dalam buku
Brennan, Jr., William J., “The Ninth Amendment and Fundamental Rights,” dalam James O’Reilly, ed., Human Rights and Constitutional Law, The Round Hall Press, Dublin, 1993.
Zolo, Danilo, “Rule of Law: A Critical Appraisal,” dalam Pietro Costa & Danilo Zolo, eds., The Rule of Law: History, Theory and Criticism, Springer, Dordrecht, 2007.
Jurnal dan Working Paper
Amar, Akhil Reed, “A Few Thoughts on Constitutionalism, Textualism and Populism,” 65 Fordham Law Review 1997.
Balkin, J.M., “The Rule of Law as a Source of Constitutional Change,” 6 Constitutional Commentary 1989.
Bellamy, Richard, “The Democratic Constitution: Why Europeans Should Avoid American Style Constitutional Judicial Review,” 7 European Political Science 2008.
Calabresi, Steven G., “The Tradition of the Written Constitution: Text, Precedent, and Burke,” 57 Alabama Law Review 2006.
Carmi, Guy E., “A Constitutional Court in the Absence of a Formal Constitution? On the Ramifications of Appointing the Israeli Supreme Court as the Only Tribunal for Judicial Review,” 21 Connecticut Journal of International Law 2005.
Castiglione, John D., “Human Dignity under the Fourth Amendment,” Wisconsin Law Review 2008.
Lord Irvine of Lairg, “Sovereignty in Comparative Perspective: Constitutionalism in Britain and America,” 76 New York University Law Review 2001.
McCrudden, Christopher, “Human Dignity and Judicial Interpretation of Human Rights,” 19 European Journal of International Law 2008.
Raz, Joseph, “Liberating Duties,” 8 Law and Philosophy: An International Journal for Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy 1989.
Rao, Neomi, “Three Concepts of Dignity in Constitutional Law,” 86 Notre Dame Law Review 2011.
Rosenfeld, Michel, “The Rule of Law and the Legitimacy of Constitutional Democracy,” 74 Southern California Law Review 2001.
Tamanaha, Brian Z., “A Concise Guide of the Rule of Law,” Legal Studies Research Paper Series, Paper No. 07-0082, St. John’s University School of Law, September 2007.
Tushnet, Mark, “Transnational/Domestic Constitutional Law,” Working Paper Series in Public Law and Legal Theory, Georgetown University Law Center, 2003.
Young, Ernest A., “The Constitution Outside the Constitution,” 117 Yale Law Journal 2007.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Copyright of the published articles will be transferred to the journal as the publisher of the manuscripts. Therefore, the author confirms that the copyright has been managed by the publisher.
- The publisher of Jurnal Konstitusi is The Registrar and Secretariat General of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia.
- The copyright follows Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License: This license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format for noncommercial purposes only, and only so long as attribution is given to the creator. If you remix, adapt, or build upon the material, you must license the modified material under identical terms.