Kebijakan Impor Indonesia Atas Produk Hewan Pasca Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi Nomor 129/PUU-XIII/2015

Irna Nurhayati, Aminoto Aminoto

Abstract


Artikel ini mengkaji kebijakan impor produk hewan di Indonesia pasca Putusan MK Nomor 129/PUU-XIII/2015 dari aspek pembentukan peraturannya dan ketentuan perdagangan internasional, serta merekomendasikan kebijakan impor tersebut agar lebih sesuai dengan ketentuan dimaksud. Artikel ini disarikan dari hasil penelitian dengan pendekatan yuridis normatif yang menganalisis data sekunder berupa bahan hukum terkait. Penelitian didukung interview dengan pejabat Kementerian Perdagangan RI di Jakarta, serta diskusi kelompok terpumpun dengan narasumber dari Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Data dianalisis dengan metode kualitatif, dan disimpulkan dengan pola berpikir induktif. Artikel menyimpulkan bahwa kebijakan impor Indonesia dimaksud secara formal selaras dengan prinsip pembentukan peraturan, tetapi secara substantif belum sepenuhnya memenuhi asas materiil, misalnya asas keseimbangan. Kebijakan dimaksud di satu sisi telah memenuhi prinsip regionalisasi dan harmonisasi WTO SPS Agreement, tetapi berpotensi melanggar Pasal XI.1 GATT, karena kebijakan tersebut mempersyaratkan kondisi tertentu yang termasuk pembatasan kuantitatif.

This article examines on how Indonesia’s import policy on animal products after the decision of Constitutional Court Number 129/PUU-XIII/2015 should be improved in accordance with the legislation formation and international trade rule. This article was based on normative juridical research supported by interviews with several officials of the Indonesian Ministry of Trade in Jakarta, and focus group discussion with some academics of the Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta. The data were analyzed qualitatively using inductive approach. This article concludes that this Indonesia’s import policy is consistent with the formal principle of regulation formation, but does not fully comply with the substantive principle. This Indonesia’s import policy is in accordance with the regionalization and harmonization principles of the WTO SPS Agreement. However, it seems to be inconsistent with Article XI.1 GATT, because it requires certain conditions categorized as quantitative restrictions.


Keywords


Kebijakan Impor; Produk Hewan; Putusan MK Nomor 129/PUU-XIII/2015.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1917

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