Pembatasan Kekuasaan Amendemen Konstitusi: Teori, Praktik di Beberapa Negara dan Relevansinya di Indonesia

Mohammad Ibrahim

Abstract


Dalam studi perbandingan hukum tata negara, doktrin amendemen konstitusi yang inkonstitusional telah banyak menarik perhatian para sarjana dalam beberapa tahun terakhir. Konsekuensi dari doktrin amendemen konstitusi yang inkonstitusional adalah adanya pembatasan kekuasaan amendemen konstitusi. Artikel ini bermaksud untuk menjelaskan doktrin amandemen konstitusi yang inkonstitusional yang berimplikasi pada pembatasan kekuasaan amendemen konstitusi. Selain itu, artikel ini juga membahas praktik pembatasan kekuasaan amendemen konstitusi di beberapa negara seperti Jerman, India dan Kolombia. Berdasarkan teori dan praktik atas pembatasan kekuasaan amendemen konstitusi, artikel ini berupaya untuk menjawab apakah doktrin amendemen konstitusi yang inkonstitusional dapat diterapkan di Indonesia. Dalam artikel ini dikemukakan bahwa dalam UUD 1945 terdapat ketentuan yang tidak dapat diubah. Oleh karenanya, Mahkamah Konstitusi dapat mengadopsi doktrin amendemen konstitusi yang inkonstitusional jika amendemen konstitusi dilakukan terhadap ketentuan yang tidak dapat diganggu gugat dalam konstitusi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian hukum doktrinal dengan menggunakan pendekatan yuridis normatif dan komparatif.


Keywords


Perbandingan Hukum Tata Negara, Amandemen Konstitusional yang Inkonstitusional, Undang-Undang Dasar, Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buku, Jurnal, dan Makalah

Abdurrachman Satrio, 2017, “The Existence of the Unamendable Provision of The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia: The Role of The Constitutional Court”, Comparative Constitutional Law and Administrative Law Quarterly, Volume 3, Issue 4.

Ackerman, Bruce, 1989, “Constitutional Politics/Constitutional Law”, The Yale Law Journal, Volume 99, Issue (3).

Albert, Richard, 2010, "Constitutional Handcuffs", Arizona State Law Journal, Vol. 42, No. 3.

Albert, Richard, 2017, "How a Court Becomes Supreme: Defending the Constitution from Unconstitutional Amendments", Maryland Law Review, Volume 77, Issue 1.

Dixon, Rosalind, 2011, "Constitutional Amendment Rules: A Comparative Perspective" dalam Tom Ginsburg dan Rosalind Dixon (eds), Comparative Constitutional Law, Edward Elgar Publishing.

Dixon, Rosalind and David Landau, 2015, "Transnational constitutionalism and a limited doctrine of unconstitutional constitutional amendment", International Journal of Constitutional Law, Volume 13, Issue 3, July.

Ginsburg, Tom, 2008, "The Global Spread of Constitutional Review", dalam Keith E. Whittington, et.al (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Halmai, Gábor, 2012, "Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendments: Constitutional Courts as Guardians of the Constitution?", Constellations, Volume 19, Issue 2, June.

Janedjri M. Gaffar, 2009, "Kedudukan, Fungsi Dan Peran Mahkamah Konstitusi Dalam Sistem Ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia", Jurnal Mahkamah Konstitusi.

Jimly Asshiddiqie, 2004, "Mahkamah Konstitusi dan Pengujian Undang-Undang", Jurnal Hukum Ius Quia Iustum, Volume 11, No. 27, September.

Kleinlein, Thomas, 2015, "Jus Cogens as the ‘Highest Law’? Peremptory Norms and LegalHierarchies", Netherlands Yearbook of International Law, Volume 46.

Krishnaswamy, Sudhir, 2011, Democracy and Constitutionalism in India: A Study of the Basic Structure Doctrine, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lindsey, Tim, 2018, "Filing the Hole in Indonesia's Constitutional System: Constitutional Courts and the Review of Regulations in a Split Jurisdiction", Constitutional Review, Volume 4, Number 1, May.

Luthfi Widagdo Eddyono, 2016, “The Unamendable Articles of the 1945 Constitution”, Constitutional Review, Volume 2, No. 2.

Loughlin, Martin, 2014, "The Concept of Constituent Power", European Journal of Political Theory, Volume 13, Issue 2.

Mahkamah Konstitusi, 2010, Hukum Acara Mahkamah Konstitusi, Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal dan Kepaniteraan Mahkamah Konstitusi.

Pan Mohamad Faiz, 2016, "The Protection of Civil and Political Rights by the Constitutional Court of Indonesia", Indonesia Law Review, Volume 2.

Roznai, Yaniv, 2013, The Theory and Practice of Supra-Constitutional Limits on Constitutional Amendments, The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Volume 62, No. 3, July.

Roznai, Yaniv, 2017, Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendments The Limits of Amendment Powers, 1st ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Roznai, Yaniv, 2013, “Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendments-The Migration and Success of a Constitutional Idea”, The American Journal of Comparative Law, Volume 61.

Samar, Vincent J, 2008, "Can a Constitutional Amendment be Unconstitutional?", Oklahoma City University Law Review, Volume 33, Issue 3

Sweet, Alec Stone, 2012, "Constitutional Courts", dalam Michael Rosenfeld dan Andras Sajo (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law, 1st ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wright, R. George, 1991, “Could a Constitutional Amendment Be Unconstitutional?”, Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, Volume 22, Issue 4.

Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945.

Undang-Undang Nomor 24 Tahun 2003 Tentang Mahkamah Konstitusi.

Internet

Conseil Constitutionnel, 2019, "Constitution of October 4, 1958". Conseil Constitutionnel, https://www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/sites/default/files/as/root/bank_mm/anglais/constiution_anglais_oct2009.pdf, diakses 9 November.

Constitute Project, 2019, “Colombia's Constitution of 1991 with Amendments through 2005”. Constitute Project, https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Colombia_2005.pdf, diakses 10 November 2019.

Council of Europe, 2019, “European Convention on Human Rights”. Council of Europe, https://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_ENG.pdf, diakses 10 November.

Deutscher Budestag, 2019, "Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany". Deutscher Budestag, https://www.btg-bestellservice.de/pdf/80201000.pdf, diakses 10 November.

National Portal of India, 2019, "The Constitution of India". National Portal of India, https://www.india.gov.in/sites/upload_files/npi/files/coi_part_full.pdf, diakses 10 November.

St. Thomas University, 2019, "The Constitution of 1791". St. Thomas University, http://wp.stu.ca/worldhistory/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2015/07/French-Constitution-of-1791.pdf, diakses 9 November.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1735

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 164 times
PDF view : 78 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.