Harapan Baru Atas Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air terkait Putusan MK Nomor 85/PUU-XI/2013

Izzatin Kamala

Abstract


The Decision of Constitutional Court No.85/PUU-XI/2013 (The Decision of CC 2013) has canceled Law No. 7 Year 2004 on Water Resources (Law on WR 2014). The cancellation is a new hope for improving the management of water resources. During the implementation of Law WR 2004, there is mismanagement in the provision of drinking water. This paper has two focus issues, namely: first, how the low responsibility of the state for managing water resources impacts the fulfillment of drinking water for the citizens? Second, how are the improvements of water resources management expected to be realized through the Decision of CC 2013? From the discussion, the author has two conclusions. First, the negligence of the state caused that the role of the state in providing drinking water for the citizens was  lost by the role of private sector. For example, a year before judicial review (2012), the number of consumers of drinking water supplied by the national sector in in the counting unit of household level is only the part of 11.79 percent. The number was lost by the supply of private sector covering 38.85 percent of households nationally. Second, the Decision of CC 2013 brings a new hope. Some basic thought are the improvement of state’s responsibility for managing water resources, termination  on the private’s monopoly and termination on commercialization of water value.

Keywords


The Decision of CC 2013; Law on WR 2004; Fulfillment of Drinking Water

References


Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia, 2013, Prosentase Rumah Tangga Menurut Provinsi Dan Sumber Air Minum 2000-2012, Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia. http://www.bps.go.id/tab_sub/view. php?kat=1&tabel=1&daftar=1&id_subyek=152&notab=9. Diunduh 4 Maret 2015.

Ika, Syahrir dan Samosir, Agunan P., 2002, “Analisis Privatisasi Bumn Dalam Rangka Pembiayaan APBN”, Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Dan Keuangan, Vol. 6, No. 4 Desember 2002, h. 1-48. www.fiskal.depkeu.go.id/2010/adoku/ika-4.pdf, diunduh 4 Maret 2015.

Kanakoudis, V., dan Tsitsifli, S., 2014, “Doing the Urban Water Supply Job: from Privatization to Remunicipalisation and the Third Pillar of the Performance Based Service Contracts”, Water Utility Journal 8, h. 31-46. http://www. researchgate.net/profile/Vassilis_Kanakoudis/publication/267034742_ Doing_the_urban_water_supply_job_from_privatization_to_remunicipalisation_ and_the_third_pillar_of_the_Performance_Based_Service_Contracts/ links/549d4ccf0cf2fedbc3117965.pdf, diunduh 4 Maret 2015.

Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional / Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional (BAPPENAS), 2010, Peta Jalan Percepatan Pencapaian Tujuan Pembangunan Milenium di Indonesia, Jakarta: Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional.

Kodoatie, Robert J., 2002, Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air Dalam Otonomi Daerah, Yogyakarta: Andi.

Mitchell, Bruce, 2010, Bakti Setiawan dan Dwita Hadi Rahmi, Pengelolaan Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Muhtaj, Majda El, 2009, Dimensi-Dimensi HAM mengurai Hak Ekonomi, Sosial, dan Budaya, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Nurmeida, Avid, 2012, “Konflik Antarsektor di Kabupaten Klaten”, http://regional.kompasiana.com/2012/05/17/konflik-antarsektor-di-kabupaten-klaten-457903.html, diunduh 4 Maret 2015.

Rahmadi, Takdir, 2011, Hukum lingkungan di Indonesia, Jakarta : Rajawali Pers.

Santono, Hamong, 2010, “Resolusi Hak Atas Air Bak Buah Simalakama Bagi Indonesia”, Percik, edisi III, h. 34-35.

Tim Kruha, 2005, Kemelut Sumberdaya Air Menggugat Privatisasi Air Di Indonesia, Yogyakarta : LAPERA Pustaka Utama.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1231

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 273 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) view : 183 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.